Basics What's new in Lion? Other features include document auto-save, "Resume" enabling apps to start up in the same state they quit , "Versions" saves snapshots of your documents as you edit them, working hand-in-hand with Time Machine , and "AirDrop" easy Mac-to-Mac file transfer. Some features have special hardware requirements e. AirDrop , while other features require application reprogramming for Lion e.
There are also security improvements, including whole disk encryption, application sandboxing and improved address space randomization. The Safari web browser now uses WebKit2, which improves both security and stability. Lion also creates a "recovery" partition on your Mac's hard drive which can be used to start up in emergencies to repair the disk, reset passwords, or reinstall the OS. What is Lion's pricing and availability?
What about a Lion "family pack" for multiple users? One Lion purchase may be used "on all your authorized personal Macs. According to the iTunes Store terms and conditions , non-commercial users may install the software on any Mac, while additional restrictions apply to business and educational institutions: Doesn't that require every user or machine have a unique Apple ID?
Businesses and educational institutions can purchase a volume license minimum 20 units at Apple's online store. This provides a single download code for use in the Mac App Store, and a certificate of purchase of licenses. For more information, see Apple's Mac Volume Licensing page. How do I get it? It's about 3. For comparison, a typical 2-hour movie from the iTunes Store is 1. The download is an installer package, which opens automatically after download. If you let installation proceed to finish, the installer will delete the installer, requiring you to download again before you can install Lion on another of your authorized Macs.
Can I re-download Lion after I've installed it? Yes, there is an undocumented way to do this. Now hold the option key while clicking on "Purchased" again.
The list will refresh and you should see an "Install" button next to Lion. You may have to try a couple times before this works. What if I don't have broadband? You can wait until Apple makes its USB "thumb drive" available and buy that, or you can go to an Apple retail store to buy Lion and install it while in the store. Technically, if you have a Lion installer either from downloading or from the Apple Store , you can install Lion on a blank disk volume; the installer doesn't need any other files.
Once you have installed Lion, you can use Migration Assistant to bring over applications, documents and settings from an older Mac system Leopard, Tiger, etc. Lion creates a "Recovery Volume" when it upgrades your Mac. This is a MB hidden partition with a minimal Lion system, just enough to run some utilities, Safari, and re-install Lion.
If you re-install, it will connect to Apple's servers over the Internet and download the install files. A minimum of 1 GB of space is required for this. How do I boot into the Lion recovery volume? Hold the option key down during startup. All bootable partitions will be displayed, and you can select the recovery partition. Or, hold Command-R during startup.
Compatibility What Macs can run Lion? Does Lion require EFI64? Does it require the bit kernel? They can still run bit apps and gain the benefits of x64 speed improvements. How much memory and hard drive space are required?
It's a 3. Does Lion require a multi-touch trackpad? Some gestures, such as those that invoke Mission Control, have keyboard alternatives. Do the multi-touch gestures work with the Magic Mouse's touch surface? Yes, although some gestures are different, most are available in some form. Does Lion include Java? Java is not installed by default. It is installed "on demand" when you run a Java applet similar to how Rosetta is handled in Snow Leopard. PowerPC applications simply do not work on Lion.
Lion will issue an error message when you try to run one, telling you that this isn't possible. No, it won't work. Lion does not include any of the old PowerPC code. Does Lion require iCloud? Are current printers compatible with Lion? Lion includes printer drivers for many printers. The printing system hasn't changed radically since Snow Leopard, so most common printers should still work fine.
But, we have seen reports of problems with older printers, especially from manufactures without a strong Mac presence. Do Universal applications run on Lion? Yes, universal apps that include Intel processor code will run. This may cause confusion. Does Microsoft Office run on Lion?
Adobe Creative Suite? This means Office and Creative Suite 2 will not run on Lion. Adobe has posted its own document: What's up with that? Office and earlier versions can't read the newer docx, xlsx and pptx file formats and require a converter app. The converter app is, indeed, PowerPC-only, and will not run on Lion. However, Office and earlier are PowerPC-only too, and they will not run either. If you are using Office , you'll need new software for Lion. See also our Office Review. I heard that Microsoft Query won't run on Lion.
It will not run on Lion. We hope Microsoft will issue an update that is Lion-compatible. How do I find any apps I may have that won't run on Lion? Where's Front Row? Some users have reported they can get Snow Leopard's Front Row running in Lion, but it doesn't seem to work for everyone and it's not clear what the pattern is.
See Farewell Front Row at Macworld for more on this. Does Lion still support Boot Camp to run Windows? Yes, Lion includes Boot Camp version 4. For details, see the following Apple support articles: Boot Camp 4. Frequently asked questions My existing Boot Camp Windows volume won't start up! What's up? Windows must be installed on one of the first four partitions or volumes on a hard drive. Some users, who already had two Mac partitions in addition their to Boot Camp and EFI partitions, have discovered that the newly created Lion Recovery Volume pushes Windows out of the first four.
This will prevent Windows from starting. Two MacInTouch readers have offered potential solutions: Remove Lion Recovery Partition with diskutil, update boot records with fdisk Warning: Use extreme care with either of these approaches.
Make a complete system backup first. Not using Apple's services. However, Mac OS X If you are using Mac OS X No, when sharing your internet connection from Lion, only bit and bit WEP is available. Where did the Finder status bar go?
It's turned off by default. Where did the Finder's icon-size slider go?
Mac OS X Snow Leopard (version ) is the seventh major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers. Snow Leopard was publicly unveiled on June 8, at the Apple Snow Leopard was succeeded by Mac OS X Lion (version ) on July Jul 10, - You then have the ability to associate that purchase with one Apple ID of your the end user license allows you to run Lion redeemed from the store on all of I purchased Mac OS X Lion and received and E-mail that I. Mar 5, - OS X (Lion) is no longer available for purchase from the Mac App have Lion, you may still be able to purchase it directly from Apple.
Apple OS X Lion The Review Lion: It was a decade of continual refinement, capped by the bug-fixing, internals-tweaking release of Snow Leopard in But the last four years have seen some dramatic changes at Apple.
In that time, while Mac sales have continued to grow, Apple has also built an entirely new business around mobile devices that run iOS. Combine the influx of new Mac users with the popularity of the iPhone and iPad, and you get Lion. Can Apple make OS X friendly for people buying their first Macs and familiar to those coming to the Mac from the iPhone, while keeping Mac veterans happy?
That would be a neat trick—and Apple has tried very hard to pull it off. After a 3. Double-click that, and the installation begins.
Back in the day, getting an OS X upgrade involved going to a store or ordering online and getting an optical disc. With the release of Lion, Mac users can get near-instant gratification. However, relying on downloading alone for an OS release has its drawbacks. What if you have a really slow Internet connection or low bandwidth cap? Downloading 4GB of data could be painful. What happens if your drive crashes and you have to reinstall Lion onto a new, blank hard drive?
Apple has answers to many of these questions, but the rules of the game have definitely changed. Company executives told me that users without access to a high-speed connection will be able to bring their Macs to an Apple Store for help in buying and installing Lion. Wiping your hard drive entirely and re-installing Lion will be a different and potentially more complicated process than it is today with Snow Leopard, but for most users, installing and restoring system software under Lion will be a simpler process.
After the arrival of the iPhone in , things really picked up steam. In MacBooks got a Multi-Touch glass trackpad , and in Apple brought the same gestures to the desktop with the Magic Trackpad. To do that in Lion, you now flick with three or four fingers and your thumb. But for others, gestures are completely foreign. For the record: Some feel natural, because the result mimics the gesture: Others are less intuitive: Nifty features both, but tough to remember.
Lion also dramatically changes the two-finger scroll. In previous versions of OS X, if you slid two fingers upwards on a trackpad or moved the scrollbar on the side of the window up , your view of a document moved up; the document on the screen seemed to move down, and you would see content higher up on the page.
After three or four days, I was comfortable with the new scrolling orientation. With this change, Apple is syncing the behavior between the iOS and the Mac. Is it really necessary for the two platforms to be in sync? But it does make me wonder whether Apple is laying the groundwork for more crossover between the two operating systems. For now, though, if it hurts your brain too much, you can just turn it off. Lion's new scroll bars, which only appear when you're actually scrolling.
Speaking of scrolling, scroll bars, and crossover between the Mac OS and iOS, Lion also introduces the biggest change to scroll bars since they were introduced with the original Mac in By default, scroll bars on Lion are invisible, just as they are in iOS.
You see nothing on the right side of a document window until you begin to scroll with a trackpad or mouse. Only then does the scroll bar appear. But when not in use, the scrollbar fades away.
But as with so many of the changes Apple is making in Lion, the company gives users who like the old way an out: Dashboard, that separate onscreen space for tiny widget apps, appeared in with Mac OS X Spaces, which let you assign apps to multiple virtual desktops, arrived in as a part of Mac OS X Mission Control in action.
Click to enlarge. With Lion, Apple has combined all of these features into a single interface called Mission Control. Configuring those spaces is simpler now: If you want to stick an app or a window into a new space, you drag its icon or window towards the top of the Mission Control screen. As you drag, the image of a new desktop appears in the corner of the screen, with a helpful plus icon.
Drop the icon or window on that image and a new desktop space is added to the array at the top of the screen. A three-fingered swipe left or right on the trackpad will take you from space to space. Fans of the previous Spaces will need to re-orient; the old way allowed you to create a two-dimensional grid of spaces, but Mission Control limits you to a single horizontal strip.
However, working with those spaces can be disorienting: When you switch between spaces, the order of desktops can get mixed up; items that were floating on top can end up behind another window. I like the visual, tactile approach Apple has taken with Mission Control. But since every full-screen app gets its own space by default, many people will end up using Mission Control whether they want to or know they are or not. I also wish there was a way to manually re-order spaces. Still, while Spaces had its adherents, I think Mission Control will be embraced by many more Mac users.
Full-screen apps Lion adds a new capability that any app can take advantage of: Once an app is updated by its developer to support this mode, a double-headed arrow icon appears in the top-right corner of the app window. Click on it and a couple of things happen. Full-screen GarageBand Click to enlarge. First, of course, the app slides into full-screen mode: You see nothing but that app; no other windows share the screen. Also, the menu bar and Dock disappear. And the app becomes a space unto itself in Mission Control.
To exit full-screen mode, you move your cursor to the top of the screen and, when the menu bar reappears, you click on the blue double-headed arrow in the top-right corner. This is an interface approach that Apple has been heading toward for a while: The existing versions of iPhoto, iMovie, and GarageBand all want to be run in single windows, as large as possible.
Presumably, many third-party apps will follow.